About the char data type to a datetime data type conversion error
There are some times where database applications give the following error when trying to convert strings to the datetime format in SQL Server: The conversion of a char data type to a datetime data type resulted in an out-of-range datetime value.
How to resolve the above conversion error
This error is related to the default language and consequently the dateformat used by the corresponding SQL Server login.
There are two approaches for avoiding/resolving this issue.
Approach 1: Modify your T-SQL Scripts & Application Code
The first approach is to include the necessary logic in your database application in order not to depend on the default language setting, but use the ISO date format which is: yyyy-mm-dd hh:nn:ss.
Approach 2: The Default Language Setting
The second approach is to change the default language setting for the specific SQL Server login to “us_english”.
By executing the following script in SQL Server you get a list with all the logins and among others, the default language names used by these logins. The relevant column name in the results of this script is the “DefLangName”:
--Query that changes the default language to "us_english" for a given SQL Server login: use [master]; GO EXEC sp_helplogins GO
If the default language name for the specific login is different than “us_english”, and your application’s code does not explicitly handle these date-conversion issues, there is the possibility of getting the conversion error when executing your application. You can easily change this setting to “us_english” by executing the below script:
--Query that changes the default language to "us_english" for a given SQL Server login: use [master]; GO ALTER LOGIN "LOGIN_NAME" WITH DEFAULT_LANGUAGE = us_english; GO
* Note 1: You have to change the “LOGIN_NAME” string to the desired login name for which you would like to change its default language setting.
* Note 2: You can also change this setting through SQL Server Management Studio.
As a concluding remark, the safest way to handle date format data in database applications, is to setup the default language setting for the relevant SQL Server login to “us_english” and use parameterized queries in your source code. To this end, the date formatting will be automatically handled thus avoiding possible conversion errors.
Hope this helps!
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Reference: SQLNetHub.com (https://www.sqlnethub.com)
Artemakis Artemiou is a Senior Database and Software Architect, Certified Database, Cloud and AI professional, Author, a 9 Times Microsoft Data Platform MVP (2009-2018). He has over 20 years of experience in the IT industry in various roles. Artemakis is the founder of SQLNetHub. Artemakis is the creator of the well-known software tools Snippets Generator and DBA Security Advisor. Also, he is the author of many eBooks on SQL Server. Moreover, Artemakis teaches on Udemy, you can check his courses here.