When you try to run a string function directly on a text or ntext column, in this example the “LEFT” function, you will get the following error: Argument data type ntext is invalid for argument 1 of left function.
Similarly, if you try to run the REPLACE function against a text or ntext column, you will get the below error message:
Argument data type ntext is invalid for argument 1 of replace function.
*Note: You will get similar error messages for any of the string functions such as: REPLACE, LEFT, RIGHT, LTRIM, RTRIM, therefore, the handling of such errors will be similar to the one I describe on this article.
Reproducing the Error Message
Let’s run an example for replicating the error for LEFT string function:
--Create temporary table create table #tblTest( id int, freeTxt ntext ); --Enter sample data insert into #tblTest select 1,N'Testing ntext data type'; --Try to run the LEFT function on the ntext column directly select ID,left(freeTxt,13) as StringSegment from #tblTest
As you can see, the above statement returns the error message and cannot be executed. The exact error message is:
Msg 8116, Level 16, State 1, Line 13
Argument data type ntext is invalid for argument 1 of left function.
How to Resolve the Issue
Now let’s try the following:
--Use casting select ID,left(cast(freeTxt as varchar(max)),13) as StringSegment from #tblTest
As you can see, the above T-SQL statement was successfully executed and returned the result of the LEFT string function.
The difference of the last statement from the one that returns an error is that now we have used casting prior to using the string function on the ntext column. So, in similar cases, whenever you want to run a string function on a text/ntext column, always cast/convert it first to varchar/nvarchar!
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Reference: SQLNetHub.com (https://www.sqlnethub.com)
Artemakis Artemiou is a Senior SQL Server Architect, Author, a 9 Times Microsoft Data Platform MVP (2009-2018) and a Udemy Instructor. He has over 15 years of experience in the IT industry in various roles. Artemakis is the founder of SQLNetHub and TechHowTos.com. Artemakis is the creator of the well-known software tools Snippets Generator and DBA Security Advisor. Also, he is the author of many eBooks on SQL Server. Artemakis currently serves as the President of the Cyprus .NET User Group (CDNUG) and the International .NET Association Country Leader for Cyprus (INETA). Moreover, Artemakis teaches on Udemy, you can check his courses here.